HAL Tejas is an India's indigenous fighter aircraft.

  • September 26, 2018 5:46 PM

Tejas Mark 1

The HAL Tejas is an India's indigenous single-seat, single-jet engine, multi-role light fighter aircraft. Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) designed Tejas.

In the 1980s the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) programme started to replace India's ageing MiG-21 fighters which were inducted in Indian air-force in late 1960 and now MiG-21 fighters completed their life-cycle.

Before develope Tejas Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) developed India's indigenous supersonic fighter aircraft HAL HF-24 Marut. The Tejas is the second supersonic fighter developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).

Journey of Tejas
In the 1980s the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) programme started.
A review committee was formed in May 1989.
In 1990, the design was finalized.
Phase-I: In April 1993, HAL started on proof of concept and design development and testing (DDT).
First of demonstrator aircraft Tejas TD-1 flew on 4 January 2001.
Phase-I was successfully completed in March 2004.
Phase-2 started in November 2001, Three prototype (PV-3, PV-4 and PV-5) were developed.
By mid-2002, the MMR had reported suffered major delays and cost escalations.
On March 2005, the IAF ordered for 40 aircraft.
On 25 April 2007, Tejas LSP-1 performed its maiden flight and achieved a speed of Mach 1.1
On June 2008, LSP-2 made its first flight.
In November 2009, the trainer variant prototype made its first flight.
In 2009, Tejas achieved a speed of over 1,350 KM per hour (840 mph) during sea level flight trials in Goa.
On 23 April 2010, Tejas LSP-3 made its first flight with a hybrid version of the Elta EL/M-2032 multi-mode radar.
On June 2010, LSP-4 took its first flight and get Tejas got an IAF Initial Operating Clearance (IOC) configuration.
Phase-2 was successfully completed By June 2010.
Tejas received IOC on 20 December 2013 and IOC-II on 17 January 2015 and FOC is expected by mid-2019.

HAL Tejas characteristics
Crew : 1
Payload : 3,500 kg (7,716 lb) external stores
Length : 13.20 m (43 ft 4 in)
Wingspan : 8.20 m (26 ft 11 in)
Height : 4.40 m (14 ft 9 in)
Wing area : 38.4 m² (413 ft²)
Empty weight : 6,560 kg (14,300 lb)
Loaded weight : 9,800 kg (21,605 lb)
Max. takeoff weight : 13,500 kg (29,100 lb)
Internal fuel capacity : 2,458 kg
External fuel capacity : 2 x 1,200-litre drop tank inboard, 1 x 725-litre drop tank under fuselage
Powerplant : 1 × General Electric F404-GE-IN20 turbofan
Dry thrust : 53.9 kN[109] (12,100 lbf)
Thrust with afterburner : 89.8 kN (20,200 lbf[177])

Maximum speed : Mach 1.8 (2,205 km/h), Mach 1.6 (2,000 km/h) for IOC version.
Range : 850 km (459 nmi, 528 mi)
Combat radius : 500 km (270 nmi, 310 mi) with drop tanks
Ferry range : 1,750 km (1,087 mi) with drop tanks
Service ceiling : 16,000 m[180] (52,500 ft)
Wing loading : 255 kg/m² (52 lb/ft²)
Thrust/weight : 0.96
g-limits : +8/-3.5 g

Tejas weapon stations
Tejas weapon stations
Guns: 1× mounted 23 mm twin-barrel GSh-23 cannon with 220 rounds of ammunition.
Hardpoints: 8
Rockets: S-8 rocket pods (expected).
Missiles: Air-to-air missiles,Air-to-surface missiles,Anti-ship missiles.
Bombs:Laser-guided bombs,Glide bombs,Cluster weapons (expected).

Recent Updates
Mid-air refueling(dry contact) trials were successfully conducted on September 04 & 06, 2018. In dry contact trials the Drogue (basket) extended from the IAF tanker aircraft by a fuel hose, was tracked and plugged into using the aircraft refueling without taking fuel

Mid-air refueling(wet contact) trial were successfully conducted on September 10, 2018.

Leave a Comment:



Dev mudgal October 21, 2018 12:53 AM



Priyanka October 21, 2018 1:30 AM

Amazing ...Nd tx for this knowledgeful information


Sonu October 21, 2018 9:41 AM

Good..thanks for sharing